Trends and preconditions for widespread adoption of liquefied natural gas in maritime transport


  • Olga Petrychenko
  • Maksym Levinskyi



LNG, marine fuel, emissions, environmental friendliness, sustainable development, engines


The need for sustainable and environmentally friendly maritime transport and the introduction of International Maritime Organization (IMO) regulations on ship emissions have led to the search for a new type of marine fuel. Today, liquefied natural gas (LNG) as a marine fuel is an attractive, potential and technically feasible option for new ships that are being built to comply with air pollution regulations. The aim of the work was to analyze the prospects for the use of LNG as a marine fuel. The set task was achieved by studying the current state of LNG shipping, analyzing the advantages and disadvantages of different types of fuels, and studying the dominant segments of LNG ships. The implementation of LNG on board ships is carried out along with the development of LNG-powered engines, their control and protection systems, fuel tanks, gas supply systems and infrastructure. The object of the study is the prospects for using LNG as an alternative type of fuel in shipping. The most important result is the conclusion that LNG has significant potential as an alternative to traditional types of fuel in shipping, but requires the development of appropriate infrastructure.


Wang, Y., & Wright, L. A. (2021). A Comparative Review of Alternative Fuels for the Maritime Sector: Economic, Technology, and Policy Challenges for Clean Energy Implementation. World, 2(4), 456-481.

Arefin, M. A., Nabi, M. N., Akram, M. W., Islam, M. T., & Chowdhury, M. W. (2020). A review on liquefied natural gas as fuels for dual fuel engines: Opportunities, challenges and responses. Energies, 13(22), 6127..

Balcombe, P., Brierley, J., Lewis, C., Skatvedt, L., Speirs, J., Hawkes, A., Staffell, L., Adam, H. & Iain, S. (2019). How to decarbonise international shipping: Options for fuels, technologies and policies. Energy Conversion and Management, 182, 72–88.

Yoo, B. Y. (2017). Economic assessment of liquefied natural gas (LNG) as a marine fuel for CO2 carriers compared to marine gas oil (MGO). Energy, 121, 772-780.

Sciberras, E. A., Zahawi, B., Atkinson, D. J., Juandó, A., & Sarasquete, A. (2016). Cold ironing and onshore generation for airborne emission reductions in ports. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part M: Journal of Engineering for the Maritime Environment, 230(1), 67-82.

Petrychenko, O., Levinskyi, M., Prytula, D., & Vynohradova, A. (2023). Fuel options for the future: A comparative review of properties and prospects. Transport Systems and Technologies, 4), 96–106.

Peng, Y., Li, X., Wang, W., Wei, Z., Bing, X., & Song, X. (2019). A method for determining the allocation strategy of on-shore power supply from a green container terminal perspective. Ocean & coastal management, 167, 158-175.

Lee, T., & Nam, H. (2017). A study on green shipping in major countries: in the view of shipyards, shipping companies, ports, and policies. The Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics, 33(4), 253-262.

Wang, Y., & Wright, L. A.(2021). A Comparative Review of Alternative Fuels for the Maritime Sector: Economic, Technology, and Policy Challenges for Clean Energy Implementation. World, 2(4), 456-481.

Gimenez-Gaydou, D., Ribeiro, A., Gutierrez, J., & Antunes, A. P. (2016). Optimal location of battery electric vehicle charging stations in urban areas: A new approach. International Journal of Sustainable Transportation, 10(5), 393–405.

Budashko, V. V., Kozminykh, M. A., Mazur, O. M., Onyshchenko, O. A., & Bukaros, A. Yu. (2020). Enerhoefektyvni systemy okholodzhennia spetsialnoho obladnannia morskykh ta nazemnykh viiskovykh kompleksiv. In Suchasni pidkhody do vysokoefektyvnoho vykorystannia zasobiv transport. [in Ukrainian].

Shafiei, E., Davidsdottir, B., Leaver, J., Stefansson, H., & Asgeirsson, E.I. (2015). Comparative analysis of hydrogen, biofuels and electricity transitional pathways to sustainable transport in a renewable-based energy system. Energy, 83, 614–627.

Schinas, O., & Butler, M. (2016). Feasibility and commercial considerations of LNG-fueled ships. Ocean Engineering, 122, 84-96.

Qi, J., Wang, S., & Psaraftis, H. (2021). Bi-level optimization model applications in managing air emissions from ships: A review. Communications in Transportation Research, 1, 100020.

Zhuge, D., Wang, S., Zhen, L., & Laporte, G. (2021). Subsidy design in a vessel speed reduction incentive program under government policies. Naval Research Logistics (NRL), 68(3), 344-358.

Wu, L., & Wang, S. (2020). The shore power deployment problem for maritime transportation. Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review,135, 101883.

Mazur, O. M., Volianska, Y. B., Vorokhobin, I. I., Onyshchenko, O. A., & Burmaka, I. O. (2021). Do otsinky vytrat enerhiy pry stabilizatsii kursu avtonomnoho plavalʹnoho aparatu. In Persha mizhnarodna naukovo-tekhnichna konferentsiia “Prohresyvni tekhnolohii zasobiv transportu” (pp. 136-137). [in Ukrainian].

Siuta, D., Markowski, A. S., & Mannan, M. S. (2013). Uncertainty techniques in liquefied natural gas (LNG) dispersion calculations. Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, 26(3), 418-426.

Ursavas, E., Zhu, S. X., & Savelsbergh, M. (2020). LNG bunkering network design in inland waterways. Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies, 120, 102779.

Brey, J., Brey, R., Carazo, A., Ruiz-Montero, M. J., & Tejada, M. (2016). Incorporating refueling behavior and drivers’ preferences in the design of alternative fuels infrastructure in a city. Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies, 65, 144–155.

Ghamami, M., Nie, Y., & Zockaie, A. (2016). Planning charging infrastructure for plug-in electric vehicles in city centers. International Journal of Sustainable Transportation, 10(4), 343–353.

Liu, G., Gong, J., Guo, X., & Yuan, X. (2019). Layout planning method of inland river LNG fueling station. Port Waterw. Eng, 9, 16-20.

Frade, I., Ribeiro, A., Goncalves, G., & Antunes, A. P. (2011). Optimal location of charging stations for electric vehicles in a neighborhood in Lisbon, Portugal. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2252, 91–98.

Xu, H., & Yang, D. (2020). LNG-fuelled container ship sailing on the Arctic Sea: Economic and emission assessment. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 87, 102556.




How to Cite

Petrychenko, O., & Levinskyi, M. (2024). Trends and preconditions for widespread adoption of liquefied natural gas in maritime transport. Transport Systems and Technologies, (43), 21–36.



Technics and techology